See earth's climate change
from 1830 2020
from 1830 2020
Dive into a journey
Through our history
Evidence for climate change is taken from different sources that can be used to reconstruct the events that led to our planet’s state.
Our world has been experiencing changes in climates affecting millions of lives. Lets take a step back and understand why we live in an increasingly volatile and warmer planet.
Start of our exponential growth and downfall.
Enter the industrial revolution.
The First Industrial Revolution was the start of the exponential growth in economy and population. Key players affecting change in this period was the use of new energy sources such as steam engine and coal. The transition to machine manufacturing paved way to significant emissions of greenhouse effect gases.
Carbon dioxide levels are steadily rising
Burning through a lot of coal since the Industrial Revolution began, atmospheric Co2 levels reached 315 parts per million. Co2 molecules trap heat in the atmosphere. This slowly heats up everything on earth.
...and so are the number of people
and at this point in time, the global human poplulation has reached 1.2 billion. With the increasing number of people, there is also an increase in the usage of fossil fuels.
It’s starting to get a little warmer
The rising levels of carbon dioxide coupled with the increase in population are indicators of an increasing global temperature. This goes on unchecked until much later on, contributing to the slow but steady rise in earth’s temperature.
The Technical Revolution aka Industrial Revolution
Advancements took place and a much more aggressive approach to production came along with it. This resulted in using more and more fossil fuels to support the ever growing demand. To learn more about fossil fuels and how they work click watch below.
World War I: Race to Arms
With advances in industries and technology a staggering amount of fossil fuel was being used and burned during the war to power weapons and mobilize vehicles.
World War I: Plantlife & Casualties
During the first world war, forests were destroyed by merely getting in the way. Crops and vegetation were intentionally eliminated to gain strategical advantage. The deforestation caused the emission of a large amount of harmful gases.
World War I:
The Naval Ships being used in the war spill oil to our oceans which prevents evaporation, prohibiting the ocean from releasing the heat and energy absorbed from the sun, causing a further rise in temperature levels.
Gusher age & the Automotive Industry
After the war, we found more things to fight and obsess about - cars, among other things. Peace time meant people can start enjoying the new innovations created to entertain and make peoples lives easier. The automative industry came and the need for fossil fuels had risen higher than ever before.
People were scrambling to find petroleum - a fossil fuel that powered the slew of fresh new cars for the masses to use and enjoy. Cars kept selling and fuel kept on burning. At the time, there was no other means of powering vehicles other than with fossil fuels.
Earth day, Chlorofluorocarbons, and the Ozone Layer
Scientists explore and discover more as they widen their scope on the cause of our planet heating p. As it turns out, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) are in widespread use at this time and is slowly killing our protective blanket that is the Ozone Layer. People started to believe that this was an issue worth noting. The very first Earth Day was on April 22, 1970. About 20 million people attended the event.
Montreal Protocol & countries coming
With more data and evidence coming to light, countries came to an agreement to protect the ozone layer. The Montreal Protocol was a start to stopping production and consumption of ozone depleting substances. Catastrophic would be used to describe the world today if it had not been for this agreement.
Arctic sea ice levels at its minimum
Unfortunately, not everyone was on board and continued to ignore the planet’s cry for help as the extent of the Arctic Sea ice dropped to the lowest it has ever been. This means there is less ice, therefore less sunlight being reflected back up and more heat absorbed by the ocean - making our earth warmer and warmer. There is also the issue of sea levels rising.
Global population by the numbers
Population update - from 1.2 Billion, it has now become 7.2 Billion people. With that much increase in human numbers - it is certain that Co2 levels have also risen substantially.
Carbon dioxide levels record high
Remember in the year 1850 when C02 levels were at 315 ppm? Well now, levels have surpassed a whopping 400 parts per million (ppm). That’s a lot of greenhouse pollution going around.
Loss of habitat and species extinction
The effects of these rising numbers took a heavier toll on one particular specie, the Bramble cay melomys in Australia. Scientists said that climate change-induced sea-level rise was a factor behind the extinction, and concluded that the rodent was "the first mammal to go extinct due to human-induced climate change."
Natural disasters intensify
with extreme climate change
Whilst mitigation is at its infancy, extreme levels of natural events have come with a vengeance and it links to climate change. Heavy rainfall caused landslides and floods in Korea, Africa, Japan and India. A cold wave called “Beast from the East” hit Europe then months after a heatwave follows. Severe drought in South America.
The U.S. gets hit with Hurricanes Florence and Michael whose scope covers the whole of the UK. Deadly wildfires in Australia and the U.S. The list goes on. These are just some of what has happened in 2018. Researchers have found that if it werent for human induced climate change, the impacts would not have been nearly as severe.
of ice sheets
This increase in temperature again affects Antartica,the ice sheet shielding us from water that can raise global sea levels to nearly 200 feet, and now it is melting faster than expected.
Parts of the world
Intense bushfires and smoke haze wraps Australia for months and was declared as some of the highest air pollution ever seen in the country. Meanwhile, a heatwave strikes France, breaking temperature records as it surpasses 45 degrees Celsius for the first time.
The world is flooding
The ever rising sea level has been felt in Venice as water flooded their streets and homes. It has been noted that there is an increased frequency of higher tides and typhoons which has been attributed to our changing climate.
Pandemics and the Climate Crisis. Similar, in a way
The end of 2019, the world has been battling a deadly virus called Covid-19. It started out slow and has become a Pandemic of unforseen magnitude, causing the world to freeze. At the start of it all nothing or very minimal was done to control or prevent it from what it has become.
Everything escalated so rapidly. Historic dithering and procrastination signifies that when the seriousness of events became undeniable, the worst effects cannot be avoided - only mitigated. Climate change will parallel these events, applied only on a much longer time scale.
We want a better future.
So let’s start making changes today.
We have changed our planet and its climate so much more than we ever imagined. Now more than ever is the time to act. If you want to learn more, please click on any of the links below to find out how you can do your part and help save our planet.